1. Cleopatra was:
B. Greek Macedonian.
2. The pyramids were built by:
C. Paid workers.
3. In order to stop incessant flies from landing on him, one Pharaoh:
A. Never went outdoors.
B. Had honey smeared on slaves near him.
C. Created an effective bug killing substance.
4. Early Egyptian medical innovations included:
A. Treating infections with moldy bread.
B. Using copper to disinfect wounds.
C. Sewing wounds with needle and thread.
D. All of the above.
5. Egyptian children wore:
A. No clothing at all.
B. Body makeup.
C. Robes, like their parents.
6. A Pharaoh’s hair was:
A. Braided by slaves daily.
B. Oiled and scented by slaves daily.
C. Never seen.
1. B – Cleopatra was Greek Macedonian. Although she was born in Alexandra, she was descended from Ptolemy I, one of Alexander the Great’s lieutenants. The Ptolemaic Dynasty ruled Egypt for 275 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC, and retained their Greek heritage. Cleopatra was one of the first members of this dynasty to speak the Egyptian language.
2. C – Evidence points to the fact that pyramids were build by paid workers. The workers who built the pyramids ate meat and worked in three-month shifts. Although paid, their labor was extremely hard as shown by their bone damage.
3. B - In order to stop flies from landing on him, Pepi II of Egypt always kept several naked slaves nearby whose bodies were smeared with honey.
4. D – All of the above. In early Egyptian medicine infections were treated with moldy bread which has antibiotic properties. They used copper as a disinfectant for wounds, performed autopsies and surgeries, and more.
5. A – Due to the high temperatures, Egyptian children wore no clothes until they were in their teens.
6. C - A Pharaoh never allowed his hair be seen. A crown or headdress was worn instead.