Warm weather is starting up, and palates begin to turn towards iced drinks and cold treats. The United States has the world’s highest per capita consumption of ice cream and ninety percent of American households eat ice cream. The typical American consumes an average of 48 pints per year, making ice cream a billion dollar business. In view of these facts, how much do you know about ice cream?
1. The most popular flavor of ice cream in the U.S. is:
2. What country introduced ice-cream to its public in 1670?
3. The ice cream cone was popularized:
A. At the White House in 1800.
B. At the St. Louis World’s fair in 1904.
C. In New York City in 1903.
4. In a 1718 cookbook written by the royal confectioner to Queen Anne, what modern day ice cream ingredient was missing:
5. The endothermic effect, first noted in the 13th century, allows fluids to be frozen and involves a mixture of:
A. Ice and sawdust.
B. Ice and salt.
C. Ice and alcohol.
1. C – Vanilla represents 20-29% of all ice-cream sold in the US. Chocolate comes in a distant second. However, chocolate syrup is the most popular topping for ice cream.
2. C – France was the first country to serve ice cream to the general public. It happened at the Cafe Procope, in 1670.
3. B – Ice cream cones were popularized at the 1904 St. Louis World’s fair. A Syrian concessions vendor curled a waffle cookie to make a receptacle for ice cream. The ice cream cone was patented in 1903 by Italo Marchiony in New York City, but it did not catch on with the general public until 1904.
4. C – The ingredient that was missing was eggs. English cookery books started to include recipes for ice cream in the eighteenth century. It started with the 1718 edition of Mrs Mary Eales Receipts, royal confectioner to Queen Anne. The earliest recipes called for cream and fruit but no eggs. Over time, recipes included eggs, which with stirring, resulted in a smoother, richer, creamier substance very close to modern ice-cream.
5. B. The discovery of how to freeze things by the combination of ice and salt changed the world in a lot of ways In the 13th century, it was discovered that there was an “endothermic effect” when mixing ice and salt which draws heat from the adjacent liquids. This realization led to the freezing of fluids, which had not been possible before, and which led inadvertently to the delicious concoction we know as ice cream today.
An interesting page about ice cream facts is the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, where some of these facts were fournd. The link is http://www.history.org/foundation/journal/spring10/icecream.cfm.