From craft beers to international ales, this beverage is ubiquitous around the globe. According to Wikipedia, beer is the world’s most widely consumed alcoholic beverage and is the third-most popular drink overall, after water and tea. You may drink beer, but how much do you really know about it? Take the following test to determine your beer knowledge!
1. The essential ingredients of beer are:
A. Barley, malt, hops, sugar.
B. Water, malt, hops, yeast.
C. Barley, sugar, water, hops.
D. Grains, water, hops, yeast.
2. Most beer falls in two main categories:
A. Ales and Lagers.
B. Lagers and Pilsners.
C. Pilsners and Ales.
D. Stouts and Lagers.
3. What is the chemical in beer that causes intoxication?
C. Carbon dioxide.
4. A certified beer expert is called a:
C. Brew Master.
5. Who was the first civilization to brew what we know as beer?
D. Monks in France.
6. What is the oldest and still-operating brewery in the U.S.?
A. Yuengling & Son.
D. Samuel Adams.
1. D. Specifically, beer is made from these four primary ingredients: Grains (mostly malted barley but also other grains), Hops, Yeast (responsible for fermentation), and Water.
2. A. The two major classifications of beer are ale and lager. Ales are very much older, while lagers are only several hundred years old. Ales are fermented at warm temperatures for a smaller amount of time, while lagers are fermented at cold temperatures for longer periods of time. Ales are fermented with yeasts that float on top of the beer, while lagers are fermented with yeasts that sink to the bottom of the beer during the fermentation process.
3. A. The chemical in beer that causes intoxication is ethanol. According to Wikipedia, Ethanol (ethyl alcohol) is the main type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, including beer.
4. A. Cicerones are beer experts. It is a certification, similar to a wine sommelier, but it is a very advanced and difficult beer education program.
5. B. Sumerians. While the earliest known alcoholic beverage is a 9,000-year-old Chinese concoction made from rice, honey and fruit, the first barley beer was most likely born in the Middle East. Evidence of beer production dates back about 5,000 years to the Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia. Archaeologists have found ceramic vessels dating from 3400 B.C. with beer residue, and 1800 B.C.’s “Hymn to Ninkasi”—an ode to the Sumerian goddess of beer—describes a recipe for a beloved ancient brew made by female priestesses. These nutrient-rich suds appear to have been very important in the Sumerian diet, and were likely a safer alternative to drinking water from nearby rivers and canals, which were contaminated by animal waste.
6. A. Yuengling & Son. Yuengling & Son is the oldest operating brewing company in the United States, started in 1829. It was started by German immigrant David G. Yuengling. During Prohibition, the brewery sold ice cream. Today, they still operate out of their 1831 brewery and are the 4th largest American distributor.
For more information about beer, see the following sites.