1. C. Livy. Titus Livius Patavius wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people—Books from the Foundation of the City—covering the period from the earliest legends of Rome before the traditional foundation in 753 BC through the reign of Augustus in Livy’s own lifetime.
2. B. Virgil. The Aeneid has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome since the time of its composition. The Aeneid follows the Trojan refugee Aeneas as he struggles to fulfill his destiny and reach Italy, where his descendants Romulus and Remus were to found the city of Rome.
3. C. The Odyssey of Homer, the most famous poet of ancient Greece, depicted Penelope as the ideal female character based on her commitment, modesty, purity, and respect during her marriage with Odysseus. The Coen brothers movie “Oh Brother Where Art Thou” is loosely based on The Odyssey.
4. A. Heraclitus. He was considered the most important pre-Socratic Greek philosopher. He was born in Ephesus (circa 535-475 BCE). Little is known of his life and we only have a few sentences of his work.
5. B. Publius Ovidius Naso, known as Ovid, was the author of the Metamorphoses. Ovid lived during the reign of Augustus. He was enormously popular but for some reason Augustus sent him into exile on the Black Sea. Speculation was that his exile was due to “carmen et error”, “a poem and a mistake.”
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