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Two Rainbows To Appear At WIH This Fall


July 18, 2017

rainbowsAs lifelong learners, Jesse and David Rainbow have much in common with the students who attend The Women’s Institute of Houston. The brothers, raised in Strathmore, California, a small town in the state’s agricultural center, learned from the land, not merely from textbooks. Growing up, the grandsons of a seed salesman had agricultural jobs, Jesse working in the orange and olive groves, while David was dairy farming.

College was a jumping off point for Jesse, who attended the University of Houston Honors College on a scholarship, majoring in history. He also studied Spanish, and took a special interest in Near Eastern languages and civilizations. “It was a wonderful place to be a student,” he recalls. “What drew me in at 18 was the curriculum. It’s an intellectual community, where the faculty learns with the students.”
David, today a Russian scholar, tried a couple of different approaches to college, and in between, worked as an engineer aboard a merchant ship in the Pacific. Later, as a student at Fresno Pacific University, he visited Russia for the first time. “I felt like I was studying a totally different world,” David says. “It hooked me.” He graduated from Fresno Pacific, completing an honors thesis on Vladimir Lenin’s role in the Russian Revolution.

Following college, Jesse and David both took a step back from academia. But the yen for more knowledge kept tugging on the brothers. Jesse, a high school history teacher, took humanities classes during the summers. “The more I learned, the more I wanted to know,” he notes. “When I ran out of things to study, I decided to go to grad school.” Jesse received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations, where he was a Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study.

After college, David headed back west, and for the next two years was a cowhand on a ranch in western North Dakota, where, like Jesse, he felt a similar draw to continued learning. “I started taking courses from the Teaching Company,” David says. “When I found myself listening to their CDs in my tractor, I knew it was time to go back to school.” David earned an M.A. in European intellectual history from Drew University, a Ph.D. in Russian history from New York University, and was a postdoctoral Fellow at the Harriman Institute for Russian, Eurasian and East European Studies at Columbia University.

The brothers are now assistant professors at the University of Houston Honors College. Jesse teaches courses in ancient Near Eastern History, Religion, and Medicine. He has written on topics such as scribal culture in the ancient Near East, ancient Jewish and Christian interpretation of the Hebrew Bible, and the place of magic and divination in the Bible. He regularly leads archaeological study trips to Israel, Turkey and Italy. David teaches and writes about modern Russian and Eurasian history. He is writing a book on Siberian regionalism from the 1860s-1930s, and is editing a book on the history of race in Russia.

Jesse is looking forward to teaching his first WIH class, “Egypt’s Greatest Pharaohs,” this fall. “At Harvard, some very inspiring teachers piqued my interest in the ancient Near East,” he notes. His study of the Hebrew Bible included comparative study of other ancient Near Eastern civilizations, including Egypt. “We’ll be getting inside the Egyptian way of thinking,” he explains, “telling the stories about the people who lived and died.” Jesse will focus on 8-10 significant figures, from Ramses the Great to Cleopatra, telling their stories in interesting and compelling ways. He plans to use a lecture format, employing lots of images and photos.

David, who taught a WIH class on the Russian Revolution this past spring, will  offer a fall class on “Forced Exile in Modern History,” looking at significant points in time where people were forced to leave their homes for political reasons. He will focus on six cases in the last two hundred years: Britain, Tsarist Russia, France, the United States, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.

David says he is excited to return to WIH, “where the students are extremely engaged. It’s a self-selected group, and people ask good questions.” David appreciates the perspectives of students, who have rich life experiences. “Teaching the Russian class, it was great to talk with people who know about Russia, who are immigrants or are the children of immigrants.”

Although the brothers are busy teaching, writing and raising families, they enjoy spending time together, particularly combining their academic interests with a love of travel. This summer they are taking 16 of their Honors College students to Russia, visiting St. Petersburg and Moscow.

Jesse Rainbow’s class, “Egypt’s Greatest Pharaohs”, begins on September 7, 2017 at 1:30 p.m. For more information, or to register, click here.

David Rainbow’s class, Forced Exile in Modern History, begins on October 19th, 2017 at 10 a.m. For more information, or to register, click here.

The Writer’s Art: Keys to Unlocking Creativity


June 12, 2017
orpheus

Orpheus poet of classical mythology, by Corot, via Wikipedia

In Sarah Cortez’s upcoming writing workshop, “Keys to Enjoying the Writer’s Art: Literary Romps and Productive Pauses,” students will learn the secrets of creating compelling and enduring stories, characters, and places. Starting on September 5th, and meeting once a month for a total of 6 sessions, this class will explore such topics as how to tell a story, how to use the tricks of creating poetry to enhance your prose, how to use vivid imagery in writing, how to use humor, and how to focus on what’s important in your story. We visited with Cortez to find out more about her unique class.

 

 

WIH Reporter: What is important to know about your upcoming class?

Cortez: What’s important to know is that we are going to have fun in this class as we explore the wide, wide world of writing, reading, and thinking about what others have written so that we could experience their experiences. A poem comes to us as a potent message in a blue bottle washed ashore at the edge of the ocean. It is a gift. (in the words of wonderful Edward Hirsch).

WIH Reporter: What would surprise us to know about the topic of your class?

Cortez: This is a class where we will really hone your storytelling skills by looking at the secrets of oral and written storytellers. You will learn when to pause in your writing and when to add details. You will learn when it is best to speed up the story and when the story needs to be slowed down. The stories you create will mesmerize with their magic.

WIH Reporter: What mistaken impressions might folks have about the subject of your class?

Cortez: I will talk about my first class “Don’t Be Afraid of Poetry”. Many people think just because they open a book of poetry in the bookstore and it doesn’t make sense that they don’t like poetry. Hogwash! I don’t like most poetry I read. But the poets I do like—there’s nothing better to read! You have to be patient and curious to find the poets you admire and enjoy. In this class I will hand over to you the keys to the poetry kingdom—those golden keys that will unlock a world of enjoyment.

WIH Reporter: What format do you plan to use in your writing class?

Cortez:I am an energetic and engaging lecturer. We’ll also stop often for participants’ questions and comments. We are TOGETHER in all of this.

WIH Reporter: Can you tell us what books are on your night table right now?

Cortez: I have Henri Nouwen’s “Prayer” and Pat Conroy’s “Prince of Tides.”

WIH Reporter: Please add anything else about what we should know about your upcoming class.

Cortez: I have been published and won awards in almost every genre of writing there is! I love writing, editing, and reading. But what I love even more is teaching….so I was particularly thrilled when The Women’s Institute reached out to me to compose these classes for its clients.

For more information on this class, click here.

How Much Do You Know About…Egypt’s Pharaohs?


June 12, 2017
King Tut, wikipedia

King Tut, wikipedia

 

In anticipation of Jesse Rainbow’s upcoming September class, Egypt’s Greatest Pharaohs, we put together a quiz on that intriguing subject!

 

 

 

 

1. To keep their blood lines pure, Pharaohs only married:

A. Members of their own race.
B. Members of their own family.
C. Members of their own social class.

 

2. The last Pharoah of Egypt was a woman. Who was she?

A. Nefertiti.
B. Cleopatra.
C. Hatshepsut.

3. How did 19-year old King Tut die?

A. He was gored by a hippo.
B. He was murdered.
C. He had malaria and a leg infection.

4. The word Pharaoh means:

A. King.
B. God.
C. Great House.

5. Cleopatra’s first husband was:

A. Julius Caesar.
B. Mark Anthony.
C. Her half-brother.

6. All Pharaohs wore:

A. Ceremonial robes.
B. Makeup.
C. Fake beards.

7. A Pharaoh’s meal typically consisted of…

A. Meat, grain, and wine.
B. Bread, honey and beer/wine.
C. Rice, corn, and beer.

Answers:

1. B. Pharaoh’s married family members to keep their bloodlines pure. This enabled them also to claim ancestry from the Gods so the family bloodlines were even more important. DNA research on King Tut showed his parents were brother and sister.

2. B. Cleopatra was the last Pharaoh. She tried and failed to hold off the Romans under Augustus.

3. C. DNA research showed that King Tut died of malaria which exacerbated his leg infection.

4. C. The word “pharaoh” means “great house”. It is a Greek word that referred to the palace of the king, rather than the ruler specifically.

5. C. Per Egyptian custom, she married two of her brothers (one after the other one died).

6. B, C. Both male and female pharaohs wore fake beards and makeup. Egyptians were obsessed with being hairless, and made sure that they were hair-free, so their beards were fake.

7. B. Egyptians had a poor diet, and DNA testing shows obesity and diabetes among the Pharaohs.

How to Make Abstract Art


June 12, 2017
Wassily Kandinsky_ On White 2_ 1923_ Wikipedia

Wassily Kandinsky_ On White 2_ 1923_ Wikipedia

According to artist and educator Sheila Zeve Lipkin, abstract art—for all its complexities—is much easier to create than other kinds of art. In her upcoming September class, How to Make Abstract Art, she will introduce the key principles of this style of art so her students can then begin setting up their first abstract painting. We checked in with Lipkin to find out the details.

WIH Reporter: What is essential to know about your upcoming class?

Lipkin: Abstract art is not difficult to make when one is aware of the basic components. After the presentation and discussion of making abstract art, ideas will be presented for each participant to begin making his/her abstract painting.

WIH Reporter: What is crucial to understand about creating abstract art?

Lipkin: Abstract art is easier to make than representational art. When painting landscapes and still life and other subjects, a stronger foundation in drawing is needed, which is not the case in making abstract art.

WIH Reporter: What is necessary to know about making abstract art?

Lipkin: The elements of abstract art are basically shape, color, line, working with positive and negative spaces, imagination, and design.

WIH Reporter: Can you tell us the format of the classes?

Lipkin: The first class will introduce the basic concepts of design, mainly composition, showing by examples how this works and talk about the creative process involved. Ideas on setting up abstract paintings and thoughts to go along with them will also be introduced. At the beginning of each class the abstract paintings created by each member will be discussed.

Sheila Lipkin’s class, How to Make Abstract Art, begins on September 5, 2017 at 10:00 a.m. For more information, or to register, click here.

Fernando Casas Speaks: On The Politics of Art


June 12, 2017
magi

Adoration of the Magi, El Greco 1568, via Wikipedia

Migration, racism, Islamophobia, religious intolerance, and persecution have come to define our present political circumstances.These also defined the political circum-stances of the Spain in which El Greco, Velazquez and Goya lived. However, unlike the artists of today, these three artists were forced to work for and under the control of authoritarian monarchies.

Nonetheless, these artists are not only admirable for the technical and aesthetic quality of their work but, more importantly, in spite of their repressive and dangerous circumstances, they were able to speak truth to the abuse of power and close-mindedness through their paintings. This is exactly the method used by the best political artist of our times.

How did they do this?

Look at any of their great paintings and what do you see—masterly technique and beauty? Yes.  Images that aptly convey and support the oppressive and close-minded values of their society? No. Indeed, these paintings seem to embody the strict social, political, and religious tenants regulated by the Spanish Inquisition for three centuries.  But this is true only of their superficial look—a protective skin required for the survival of the artist.

Hidden underneath the conventional content of these paintings resides another painting; one far more profound and noble which is, in one form or another, in sharp opposition to the accepted societal norms. In fact, it is the voice and beauty concealed in such paintings that largely exhibits the aesthetic and moral development of humanity.   We ought to look and listen to them.

Fernando Casas’ class, Politics, Religion & Ethnicity: El Greco, Velazquez, Goya, & Picasso, begins September 11th, 2017, at 1:00 p.m. For more information, or to register, click here.

 

Artist/philosopher Fernando Casas is a native of Bolivia. In 1968 he arrived in the USA with a LASPAU scholarship. In 1970 he received his BA in Philosophy from Colorado College graduating Magna Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa and receiving the Hastings Prize for a paper in Philosophy. He continued his studies at Rice University receiving his MA in 1972 and his PhD in Philosophy in 1978.

Casas has exhibited his works of art in numerous group and solo exhibitions in commercial galleries and museums in cities such as Houston, New York City, Los Angeles, Tokyo, Florence, Lima (Peru), La Paz (Bolivia) and Santiago (Chile). In 2003 he was awarded the Premio alla Carriera at the Florence Biennale.

Since the 1980s, Casas has taught and lectured at several universities in South and North America. His longest association is with Rice University where he has taught in Humanities and Philosophy as Distinguished Lecturer for about 20 years.

Among his publications are The Limit of The Visual World (1990), Polar Perspective: A Graphical System for Creating Two-dimensional Images Representing a World of Four Dimensions (1984), and Flat-Sphere Perspective (1983).

 

 

100 Years of Texas Art: A Celebration of Stylistic Diversity


June 12, 2017

stout Since the days Texas was settled, artistic activity has been pivotal to Texas cultural life. Yet Texas art has all too often been stereotyped as offering only depictions of cowboys, cattle, and wildflowers. According to art historian and fine art appraiser Sarah Foltz, those subjects only represent a small fraction of the art that Texas offers. In fact, these days Texas art is being recognized by the larger art world as a vibrant center of stylistic diversity. In her upcoming class, “100 Years of Texas Art”, (starting on September 11th at 10 a.m), Foltz takes us on a whirlwind tour exploring the unique and eclectic mix of art works that make up Texas art. We spoke with her to find out more.

WIH Reporter: What do we need to know about your upcoming class?

Foltz: There will be three important exhibitions on Texas Art occurring during the class, and visits will be made to our class by the curators, art historians, and artists involved with these projects. This gives our class an opportunity to hear first-hand information about these projects.

WIH Reporter: Can you describe these exhibitions for us?

Foltz: The first one focuses on two Houston artists cooperatives from the 1930s – the Houston Artists Gallery and the Negro Art Guild—separate-but-parallel groups organized by Houston artists so that they could exhibit and sell their art. The second one celebrates the abstract expressionist paintings and sculptures of Richard Stout, a Houston artist (born in Beaumont, Texas, 1934). Stout is an acknowledged artist with a significant following in Texas who has international accolades. The third exhibition is called “Of Texas Rivers and Texas Art ” showcasing a compilation of some of the finest contemporary river art detailing the gorgeous traits of Texas landscapes.

WIH Reporter: What misconceptions about Texas art have you encountered in your work as an art historian and fine art appraiser?

Foltz:  One common misconception about “Texas Art” is that it is only paintings of cowboys and bluebonnets. While those subjects are a (very) small portion of it, there is a wide range of stylistic diversity, and an embrace of new ideas and media that have evolved over the past 100 years.  

 WIH Reporter: What format do you plan to use in the class.?

Foltz:  As this course covers 100 years of Texas art, this survey-style course will consist of classroom lectures, as well as visits to private collections and exhibitions, which will familiarize participants with the key movements and artists active in the state.  Additional resource references and reading lists will be provided for anyone interesting in delving further into the art history of Texas. 

WIH Reporter: We like to ask what books are on your night table right now?

Foltz:  The books I am reading right now include, “Why the Raven Calls the Canyon” by E Dan Klepper, “Minding the Store” by Stanley Marcus, “Texas Identities” by Light Cummins, and “William Goyen: Collected Short Stories” by William Goyen.

Sarah Foltz’s class, 100 Years of Texas Art, begins on September 11, 2017 at 10:00 a.m. For more information or to register, click here.

The Big Lie: Extravagent Exaggeration and Outright Prevarication in Ancient Times


April 17, 2017

Rabbi Rossel is back for a two-session class on Friday, May 5 (10:00-12:00) and Sunday, May 7 (4:00-5:30) with a class about how both archaeology and critical study show how priests and rulers in ancient times massaged the truth, exaggerated here and there and at times relied on what has recently been dubbed “alternative facts.”  The class will go back in time to explore the age-old tendency of those in power to stretch the truth for their own purposes. We checked in with Rabbi Rossel to find out more.

WIH Reporter: What is essential to know about your upcoming class?

Rossel: We have seen how handy the use of extravagant exaggeration and outright prevarication can be in modern politics. Those of us who specialize in ancient politics, watching developments in the study of ancient nations, are aware of many instances of how “The Big Lie” was used to shape beliefs.

We might say, “History is shaped by myth.” Or, we might say, “History can be shaped by mythmakers.” Marie Antoinette probably never said, “Let them eat cake,” but the characterization and the quotation echo from generation to generation. On the other hand, almost everyone quotes Lincoln as saying, “You can fool all the people some of the time and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time.” There is no evidence that he ever spoke these words. In fact, the quote was popularized in the early twentieth century by leaders of the Prohibition movement and the speakers who used it attributed the words to Lincoln to add weight to their message.

Of course, that just demonstrates that you can fool nearly all of the people nearly all of the time. “Alternative facts” and the beliefs they represent are as much a part of our modern vocabulary as “Let them eat cake.” And so they were in ancient times.

WIH Reporter: What would surprise us to know about the topic of your class?

Rossel: The source of news then and now was the official spokesperson. It might immediately be surprising to know, for example, that “Pharaoh” was not a title. The king of Egypt was the “King;” his residence was “the Pharaoh.” Saying “the Pharaoh announced…” in ancient Egypt was the equivalent to saying “the White House announced…” today. It would probably be equally surprising to learn that Moses was far from being the first baby floated downriver in a basket in anticipation of a royal future.

In fact, I think most of the “alternative facts” expounded in ancient kingdoms by rulers and priests will be surprising to the class. I plan to show how these “innovative” facts were presented and engineered to influence and control ancient opinion (and how many continue to influence and control opinion even now).

WIH Reporter:  What mistaken impressions might folks have about the  subject of your class?

Rossel: Folks who study with me often remark that ancient history is remarkably “relevant” to what is happening daily. The only possible mistaken impression people could have is that looking back does not help us in going forward. At the very least, it provides us with perspective, keeping us from treating today’s news as unique or overwhelming. Every “Big Lie” has a purpose. But not every purpose is either corrosive or nefarious.

WIH Reporter: What format do you plan to use in the class?

Rossel: I will be showing artifacts (whenever available) through PowerPoint presentations and providing notes and access to these PowerPoints online through Dropbox. Of course, no computer skills are necessary. In class, we will discuss one example after another and, importantly, each of the two sessions stands on its own.

WIH Reporter: What books are on your night table right now?

Rossel: I am slowly making my way through The Bully Pulpit: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and the Golden Age of Journalism by Doris Kearns Goodwin. I love reading American history. It’s a relief from the stresses of ancient times.

WIH Reporter: Anything else we should know?

Rossel: I am living in Dallas now, but I am eagerly looking forward to this extraordinary opportunity for us to visit at WIH again. I hope to see many familiar faces and I would be pleased to see many new faces, too. May the Force (or Source) be with us!

Rabbi Rossel’s class, “The Big Lie: Extravagant Exaggeration And Outright Prevarication In Ancient Times“, begins on Friday, May 5 (10:00-12:00) and continuing on Sunday, May 7 (4:00-5:30). For more information, or to register, click here.

 

The Writing Life: Overcoming Creative Blocks 


April 17, 2017
passion

The Passion of Creation by Leonid Pasternak, wikipedia

The writing life can be stunningly solitary, and characterized by frequent creative blocks, but it doesn’t have to be that way. According to Carol Munn, WIH’s award-winning, full-time creative writing professor, there are many ways to get around the “wall” that obstructs the flow. To this end, Munn has innovative plans for her upcoming class, “Breakthrough to Creativity“, (starting on June 7th at 10 a.m), and we spoke with her to to get all the details!

WIH Reporter: What do we need to know about your upcoming creative writing class?

Munn: Everyone who wants to write can write because everyone has an importantly unique story to tell. This course works well for those anywhere on the spectrum from novice to experienced writers. Writing is akin to yoga in that the goal is never competition but to improve the act.

WIH Reporter: People have all kinds of issues around writing. What would surprise us to know about the art of writing?

Munn: The complete accessibility of the writing activities may surprise those who are uncomfortable with the idea of writing. Another surprise might be that no one must follow the directions on the activities and prompts. They serve only as an impetus to write, and the goal of this course is to gain improvement in one’s writing. A final surprise may be the sense of community that the course inspires in the participants.

WIH Reporter: What mistaken impressions do people have about writing classes in general?

Munn:  Some may feel they need more experience before taking a creative writing course. Often, that feeling stems from their undervaluing their own creative potential. Others may assume that they must have a great deal of time to devote to their writing outside of class. While writing is the essence of this course, participants will develop and learn just from attending the sessions.

WIH Reporter: What format are you using in your class?

MunnThe format will focus on universal experiences combined with necessary elements of writing. I will create a packet of materials for each session which will provide opportunities for rich discussion, writing activities, writing prompts, and selected published writing from a variety of genres. We will write, have time to share our writing, read, and discuss new topics related to writing. 

WIH Reporter: What books would we find on your night table?

Munn: I keep a stack on the antique school desk that serves as my night table. Right now the books include: When I Was A Child I Read by Marilynne Robinson; Animal Dreams by Barbara Kingsolver; Angle of Repose by Wallace Stegner; and a scientific book explaining cloud formations. 

Breakthrough to Creativity” starts on June 7th at 10 a.m. For more information , or to register, click here.

Introducing Our New Music Professor – Dominique Royem


April 17, 2017

Music is a powerful force illuminating the inner struggles of characters on stage and allowing the audience to engage with the story on a deeper level. As  the Music Director of the Fort Bend Symphony Orchestra, Royem is an active guest conductor and has worked with ensembles around the world. In her upcoming class, How Music Makes the Musical: Broadway’s Top Tunes Examined,” she will explore some of the top musicals in the last 100 years and let us know why and how music makes the audience care.  We visited with her to find out more.

WIH Reporter: What is important to know about your class?

Royem: Musical Theatre is a visual art as much as a dramatic or musical art so I use a lot of video clips in my lectures. Also, effective Musical Theatre depends on the audience’s reaction to create emotion and drama. However, each person can react to the same music in different ways. We will be investigating this phenomenon through sharing experiences to music in class.

WIH Reporter: What would surprise us to know about the topic of your class?

Royem: The world of Musical Theatre and the world of Opera are not that far apart! Famous Musical Theatre composers stole a lot of their techniques from the opera stage.

WIH Reporter: What mistaken impressions do folks have about Musical Theatre?

Royem: That Musical Theatre is not serious enough to be called “art” or “art music!” I am a firm believer that Beethoven and Brahms did not take musical genius to the grave with them and that musical masterpieces can be found in every musical genre!

WIH Reporter: What format do you plan on using in the class?

Royem: The best way to learn about Musical Theatre is to experience it so we will be watching and listening to a lot of excerpts from the shows that are the topic of discussion. After experiencing the works we will examine the intersection between music and drama through discussion.

WIH Reporter: What books are on your night table right now?
Books on my night table include: Fear and the Muse Kept Watch by Andy McSmith, A Look into Music and Art in Russia under StalinThe Artist’s Guide by Jackie Battenfield, Where the Heart Beats: John Cage, Zen Buddhism and the Inner Lives of Artists by Kay Larson, Ticker by Lisa Mantchev.
Royem’s class beings on May 4th at 10:00 am. For more information, or to register, click here.

How Much   Do You Know About…  The Civil War?


April 17, 2017

civilwarimageBoth Whitman and Dickinson, subjects of Scott Pett’s upcoming class “Whitman and Dickinson”, were profoundly affected by the Civil War, so we put together a quiz on that time period!

1. One-third of the soldiers who fought for the Union Army were:

A. African Americans.
B. Immigrants.
C. From the South.

2. In the 1860′s, the custom was that a woman should spend a minimum of how much time in mourning?

A. 2 Years.
B. 3 Months.
C. 5 Years.

3. During the same time period, the custom was that a man should spend a minimum of how much time in mourning?

A. 2 Years.
B. 1 Year.
C. 3 Months.

4. Surgeons never washed their hands after operating. Why?

A. They believed all blood was the same.
B. They were worried about water cleanliness.
C. Blood was considered an antiseptic.

5. Most of the battles and wars of the Civil War were fought in what state?

A. Virginia.
B. Tennessee.
C. Missouri.

6. More men died in the Civil War from:

A. Disease.
B. Battlefield Fighting.
C. Friendly Fire.

7. Who was fifty percent more likely to die on  Civil War battlefields?

A. African American soldiers.
B. Privates.
C. Generals.

8. What was used routinely during the Civil War to fight illnesses and disorders?

A. Maggots.
B. Leeches.
C. Glasses with colored lenses.

Answers:

1. B.  The Union Army was a multicultural force—even a multinational one. We often hear about Irish soldiers (7.5 percent of the army), but the Union’s ranks included even more Germans (10 percent), who marched off in regiments such as the Steuben Volunteers. Other immigrant soldiers were French, Italian, Polish, English and Scottish. In fact, one in four regiments contained a majority of foreigners.

2. A. When a woman mourned for her husband in the 1860’s, she spent a minimum of two-and-a-half years in mourning.  That meant few social activities: no parties, no outings, no visitors, and having to wear only black clothes.

3. C. The husband, when mourning for his wife, however, spent three months in a black suit.

4. A. Surgeons never washed their hands after an operation, because all of the blood was assumed to be the same.

5. C.  Of all the battles and skirmishes fought during the American Civil War, 11% were fought in the state of Missouri. During 1861, there were more battles and skirmishes in Missouri than in any other state, and throughout the entire war only Virginia and Tennessee saw more action than the state of Missouri.

6. A. More men died in the Civil War than any other American conflict, and two-thirds of the dead perished from disease. Approximately 625,000 men died in the Civil War, more Americans than in World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War combined. If the names of the Civil War dead were arranged like the names on the Vietnam Memorial, it would stretch over 10 times the wall’s length. Two percent of the population died, the equivalent of 6 million men today. Rifles were by far the war’s deadliest weapons, but deadlier still was disease. In 1861, as armies massed, men once protected from contagion by isolation marched shoulder to shoulder and slept side by side in unventilated tents. Camps became breeding grounds for childhood diseases such as mumps, chicken pox and measles. One million Union soldiers contracted malaria, and epidemics were common.

7. C. Robert E. Lee’s impulse to personally lead a counterattack during the Battle of the Wilderness in May 1864 (his troops held him back) would not have surprised his men if he were a bit lower in rank. That’s because many top officers, including generals, literally led their troops into battle, a rare occurrence in modern wars. For this reason, generals were 50 percent more likely to die in combat than privates. At the Battle of Antietam alone, three generals were killed and six wounded—on each side.

8. C. During the Civil War, glasses with colored lenses were used to treat disorders and illnesses. Glasses with yellow lenses were used to treat syphilis, blue lenses were used to treat insanity, and pink lenses were used to treat depression. This is where the expression “see the world through rose-colored glasses” comes from.

 

 

 

Whitman & Dickinson: Lives, Times, & Poetry


April 16, 2017

whitmanpostageThe two most famous American poets, who changed the landscape of American poetry, are featured in new Professor Scott Pett’s upcoming class “Whitman and Dickinson.” According to Pett, both poets have been mistyped and misunderstood over the ages. We checked with Pett to find out more. 

WIH Reporter: What is important for us to know about your upcoming class?

Pett: In this class, students will become more familiar with the poems and lives of (in my opinion) America’s two greatest writers, Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson. Admittedly, this is a bit ambitious for a four-week class! We’re going to cover what we can. But I think the true goal of the class is for students to learn to read and hear all poems in a more conscious way. Ultimately, this class will familiarize students with America’s most masterful poets and help elevate their love of poetry in general.

After all, poetry is one of the few ways we can give our souls a bath. As William Carlos Williams says, “It is difficult / to get the news from poems / yet men die miserably every day / for lack / of what is found there.”

WIH Reporter: What would surprise us to know about your class?

Pett: The Whitman and Dickinson we were taught in high school and college surveys reside on opposite ends of the eccentricity spectrum. On one side is Whitman, the show-off; on the other is Dickinson, the recluse. There is truth to these portrayals, of course; but they are also misleading and superficial. Whitman celebrates himself as “the poetic voice” of the United States, sounding his “barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world;” but he also quietly wonders “in perfect silence at the stars” and ponders a “noiseless, patient spider.”

Dickinson is perhaps even more mistyped as a kind of white-dress wearing New England nun.

WIH Reporter: Can you elaborate more about Dickinson?

Pett:  Though certainly a private person, her home life was complex, even at times explosive. Many poems and letters are marked for their linguistic and emotional “white heat”: social defiance, religious skepticism, sexual euphoria, psychological distress, and natural adulation. The volcano, for instance – simultaneously “reticent” and “torrid” – was one of her favorite images.

WIH Reporter:  What other mistaken impressions might folks have about poetry in general?

Pett: Poetry intimidates some people! Compared to prose writing, which provides a familiar structure that helps the reader feel situated and comfortable, poetry can seem baffling. Its possibilities seem endless; its “meanings” elusive. But in fact, poems share a lot in common with prose. Most poems have sentences, as well as plot. Many have characters and dialogue. Contrary to popular belief, poems cannot mean whatever one wants them to mean. There are concrete strategies for unpacking them. That isn’t to say there is one “correct” reading of any poem; only thoughtful readings that require attentiveness to detail.

Lastly, we tend to focus on poems as textual objects for hushed, self-possessed study. But poems are as much about sound as they are language. That means we need to read them aloud; in doing so, poetry becomes not only an intellectual art, but also a bodily one. Poetry is physical, which means it is intimate, personal, and vulnerable. And poetry is one of the few ways we can give our souls a bath. As William Carlos Williams says, “It is difficult / to get the news from poems / yet men die miserably every day / for lack / of what is found there.”

WIH Reporter: What format do you plan to use in the class?

Pett: A large portion of the class will be lecture with PowerPoint, but we will have class discussions as well. In my experience, poems are more likely to come alive in a group setting than an individual one. If we can have lively, productive conversations, the poems themselves will to some extent be the teacher of this course!

WIH Reporter:  What books are on your night table right now?

Pett: My night table is always covered with books that help me relax after the craziness of the day. Right now, I’m reading the poet Joy Harjo’s memoir Crazy Brave (2012), Ada Limón’s latest collection of poems Bright Dead Things (2015), Justin Cronin’s epic dystopian thriller The Passage (2012), Naomi Shihab Nye’s collection of very short stories There Is No Long Distance Now (2011), and Barbara Neely’s detective novel Blanche on the Lam (1992). And before putting my kids to bed, I always read them a poem or two by Robert Frost or Maya Angelou.

WIH Reporter: Anything else we should know?

Pett: This is my first class at the Women’s Institute, and I am very excited. I expect to learn as much from the students as I hope they will learn from me.

Professor Pett’s class begins on Tuesday, May 9th at 1:00 p.m. For more information, or to register, click here.

 

WIH Goes To Hollywood


April 16, 2017
moonlight

Moonlight: Best Film Oscar Winner, via Wikipedia

In Hannah Bigg’s upcoming class, And The Oscar Goes To…” students will have the opportunity to screen this year’s Academy-Award-nominated films as though they were actual members of the American Motion Picture of Arts and Sciences. Starting on Monday, May 1st, this class will apply the stringent parameters while screening Moonlight, Lion, Manchester by the Sea and more. Hannah had some very interesting things to say in describing her unique class.

WIH Reporter: What do we need to know about your upcoming class?

Biggs: We will not be able to cover every nominated picture during this 6-week course. Nine films were nominated for best picture at the 2017 Oscars, so we will have in-depth conversations on five to six of them. Don’t you fret though; we will touch on the themes and topics of the remaining three films throughout the term. Many of these nominated films deal with sensitive conversations and topics, so be ready for some heart-wrenching, difficult, but wonderfully enlightening conversations on many of these R-rated films.
I also love to bake, and I’m sure to surprise my students with ‘Oscar statue-shortbread men’ during one class session!

WIH Reporter: Are there any surprises coming in your class that you can tell us about?

Biggs: Not only will we screen the films in class and discuss the films in detail, but we will also study the history of the Academy Awards, including its scandals, triumphs, and multitude of hosting personalities.

WIH Reporter: Can you tell us more about the screening process you plan to implement in your class?

Biggs: Although all of these films are Oscar-nominated, this class would not do the films justice if we just sang the movies’ praises! We will critique the movies as if we too were judges for The Academy. Pros and cons. Praises and faults. Why were some films snubbed and others awarded? And finally, one of the most pressing questions facing The Academy today: are the judges out of touch with what consumers today look for in a movie?

 WIH Reporter:  What format do you plan to use in the class?

Biggs: My classes usually begin with an introductory lecture and announcements. We then screen selections of the film in class and pause at critical moments and intervals in the course of the movie to discuss certain aspects, historical references and facts, and pivotal junctures in the film.

WIH Reporter: What books are on your night table right now?

Biggs: I’m very lucky that my second-hand store find of a night stand has a whole bookshelf under its tabletop! It was a $15 steal! Of the ten or so books stacked haphazardly on it, the two I’m working through right now are Dan Barber’s The Third Plate: Field Notes on the Future of Food and The Unexpected Professor: An Oxford Life in Books by John Carey.

 WIH Reporter: Is there anything else we should know about your Oscar’s class?

 Biggs:  I hope to offer this course every summer term with each new summer session discussing the new year’s Best Picture nominees! That’s a lot of OscarMen, shortbread cookies!

Hannah Biggs’ class begins on May 1st at 10:00 a.m. For more information, or to register, click here.

Breaking News:  The Rabbi is Back!


March 24, 2017

lieRabbi Rossel is back for a two- session class on Friday, May 5 (10:00-12:00) and Sunday, May 7 (4:00-5:30) on The BIG LIE.  Archaeology and critical study demonstrate how priests and rulers in ancient times massaged the truth, exaggerated here and there and at times relied on what has recently been dubbed “alternative facts”.

 

Come back in time to explore the age-old tendency of those in power to stretch the truth for their own purposes.

For more information, or to register, click here.

Your Remodeling Journey


March 1, 2017

modelSusan Fruit’s upcoming class, “The Remodeling Revolution” goes a long way towards helping us to make sense of taking on a remodeling of project in the fast paced world of interior design and renovation. So, how does one choose from all the products? Susan Fruit will be discussing everything you need to know in her six-week course on home renovation. The class will feature PowerPoint presentations plus field trips to showrooms and client homes/works in progress.

Get started by taking Susan’s remodeling quiz to see how much you know about this topic!

1. What should be the main focal point in a kitchen?

2. What is the “hottest” product trend in kitchen countertop material?

3. How many inches should there be between a wall mounted cooktop hood and a wall cabinet?

4. What is the most important thing to do when converting a tile shower to a steam shower?

5. What is the “hottest” design trend in master baths?

Answers:

  1. The cooktop hood

  2. Quartz

  3. 4” – 6”

  4. Slope the ceiling

  5. A large picture window with a motorized window shade

Susan’s class begins on March 7th at 10 am. For more information or to register for this information-packed class, click here.

From Stress to Serenity


March 1, 2017

 

lotus

In eastern philosophy, the lotus flower symbolizes rising from darkness to rebirth because the lotus flower blooms out of muddy water to produce beautiful untainted blossoms.

Do stress-causing situations, political news, and difficult people drain your energy and diminish your well-being? If so, it may be a good time to attend Liz Weiman’s upcoming class “From Stress to Serenity” starting on March 21st at 10:00 a.m..

We spoke with Liz Weiman to find out if it was really possible to overcome stress on an ongoing basis.

 

 

 

WIH Reporter: What would surprise us to know about the stresses in our lives?

Weiman: It is surprising to realize how much of the stress we experience is not caused by the upsetting event or the difficult person, but by our own thoughts about these apparent stressors. Once we carefully examine and begin to question the stressful stories we tell ourselves about the person or situation, we empower ourselves with a new freedom to effect real change, both in ourselves and in the world.

WIH Reporter: If stressful thoughts are the problem, how can we stop them?

Weiman: The first thing is to simply notice how often our thoughts involve stressful stories about the past or the future. By nature, thoughts about the past or the future are based in memory or projection, both of which can be permeated with fear, regret, and other negative emotions. Once we see how often our thoughts revert to past or future, and how they cause stress, we can begin to ground ourselves in various ways using the reality of this present moment.

WIH Reporter: What about the difficult people in our lives? They can be family or workplace associates that cause trouble for us. How can changing thoughts change them?

Weiman: We can’t control the behavior of other people, but we can open our mindsets to other perspectives regarding them. Einstein said that you cannot solve the problem at the level of the problem. By reacting in kind to the chaos and disorder caused by difficult people, we are engaging at the level of the problem, and often end up prolonging the situation. Instead, we can turn the focus back to ourselves, and begin to expand the lens through which we are currently viewing this person.

WIH Reporter: But in today’s world of overwhelming change and upheaval, is it really possible to move from stress to serenity?

Weiman: Rather than describe it as movement from one state to another,  I would portray it more as  connecting with the well-being and serenity that always resides within us. Just as we know that the sun is always shining, even when heavy clouds temporarily prevent us from actually seeing it, so we can access the unnoticed (but never absent) inner well-being that is always available. This shift in focus can be life-changing, allowing us to approach stressful situations from a more centered, serene, and compassionate place.

WIH Reporter: What is the format of your class?

Weiman: We use class discussion, video presentations, and handouts featuring the multi-faceted perspectives of behavioral science, psychology, eastern philosophy, and more. We learn specific ways to help overcome all the negative obstacles to peace-of-mind. Since this is a limited-enrollment class, the smaller group is able to share their struggles and their insights plus practice the techniques in a supportive and energy-enhancing environment.

Liz Weiman’s class begins on March 21st at 10:00 a.m. For more information, or to register, click here.

 

Immerse in the History, Culture, Food, and Wine in the Heart of France 


March 1, 2017
dijon

Place François-Rude dite du Bareuzai in Dijon, wikipedia

Experience the Champagne and Burgundy regions in all their historical and cultural glory in Linda Kelly’s upcoming class “History, Culture, Food And Wine In The Heart of France.” We visited with Linda to get all the details.

 

 

 

WIH Reporter: What do we need to know about your class?

Kelly: The aim of all my classes is to help people become informed travelers. This particular class will spotlight the historic monuments, museums, culture, and gastronomy of Champagne and Burgundy. Both regions played a major role in French history.

WIH Reporter: Can you give us some examples of the role these regions played in French history?

Kelly: The Gothic cathedral at Reims was the site of royal coronations for over a thousand years. The town of Troyes prospered in the Middle Ages, thanks to its trade fairs created by the counts of Champagne. The walls of the city’s many churches glow with medieval and Renaissance stained-glass. Among the many châteaux featured in the course, the most fascinating ones belonged to the flamboyant Count Roger de Rabutin, who decorated the interior with portraits of kings, royal mistresses, and ladies of the Sun King’s court.

WIH Reporter: What can you tell us about the Burgundy region and about Dijon, its capital city?

Kelly: Burgundy was the cradle of the monastic movement which spread from Cluny and Cîteaux all over Europe. The Cluniac monks promoted a flowering of the arts-architecture, sculpture, and painting. To the Cistercians, we owe advances in agriculture, metallurgy, and the cultivation of the vine. The historic center of Dijon boasts a wealth of medieval, Renaissance, and neo-Classical buildings. Among the city’s many treasures are the ornate tombs of two dukes of the Valois dynasty on display in the former ducal palace (now the Museum of Fine Arts). The course will feature masterpieces of painting and sculpture commissioned by the dukes, who were great collectors and patrons of art.

WIH Reporter: What do you consider to be the most interesting events occurring in that region that still reverberate today?

Kelly: The death of Charles the Bold, the last Valois duke of Burgundy, during the Battle of Nancy in January 1477 was a decisive event in European history. His defeat put an end to the threat of the formation of an independent kingdom of Burgundy stretching from Burgundy to the North Sea. The map of Europe would have been different had the duke succeeded in uniting his northern and southern territories.

I have always been fascinated by the critical role played by the Valois dukes of Burgundy during the Hundred Years’ War.  During the reign of the mad king, Charles VI, the second Valois duke, John the Fearless, had the king’s brother killed.  Duke John lusted for power and control of the royal treasury.  His cousin, the king’s brother, stood in his way.  The murder of Louis d’Orléans triggered a civil war between Burgundians and followers of the dead prince.  Henry V of England took advantage of a divided France to inflict a humiliating defeat on the French on the battlefield at Agincourt.

WIH Reporter: What more should we know about your classes?

Kelly: Showing the historical background of a region makes travel more meaningful.  Anyone planning a trip to the area covered in the class, will benefit by the research I have done in planning my own trip.  I think that armchair travelers, who may not have immediate plans to visit France, will find the class intellectually stimulating & visually exciting.  My lectures are illustrated with hundreds of photographs taken during our travels by my husband, architect Frank Kelly.

Although I tend to focus on history, art, and architecture, I also talk about culture, cuisine, places to stay and restaurants.  Frank and I are fascinated by the French food culture.   We love to visit and photograph markets.  The market at Dijon will be featured in the class.

We will also go south of Dijon to the fabled wine road of the Côte d’Or leading to Beaune, renowned for its Hotel-Dieu, a 15th century charity hospital with a spectacular multi-colored glazed tile roof.  Southern Burgundy is a land of picture-postcard scenery, villages with lovely Romanesque churches, stone-walled vineyards, and fields of grazing cattle.

WIH Reporter: What other advice can you give us as armchair travelers?

Kelly: To experience the pleasures of the table in France, one doesn’t have to spend a fortune at a three-star restaurant.  We have had outstanding meals produced in less-renowned kitchens.  In short, Frank and I are unabashedly Francoholic.  I try to communicate this enthusiasm for France to the students in my classes.

Linda Kelly’s 6-week class begins on March 21st at 1:00. For more information or to register, click here.

How Much Do You Know About…the Victorian Era?


March 1, 2017

victoria

The Victorian era (1837 – 1901) is based on the years during Queen Victoria’s reign. This time period is considered a time of prosperity, peace, and power for England. Professor Anne Saiken’s upcoming class covers all the Victorian mores and starts on March 20th, so we put together a quiz on the Victorian Era!

 

1. Victorians are known for wearing black clothing above all else. What is the main reason for this?

A. They attended lots of funerals.
B. Coal pollution stained their clothes.
C. Their prudery extended to colorful clothing.

2. In Victorian times how did most people avoid body odor?

A. Tub baths.
B. Sponge baths.
C. Perfume.

3. What country above all others were Victorians obsessed by?

A. Palestine.
B. Egypt.
C. India.

4. Which style of food was most appreciated in this era?

A. Plain.
B. Indian.
C. French continental.

5. Which dining places became popular for social gatherings and chatter?

A. Fish and chips restaurants.
B. Tea rooms.
C. Chop houses.

6.  By the 1860s, meals were placed on the sideboard and served one after the other. This was called:

A. A la Russe.
B. A la Francaise.
C. American style.

7. What were the most popular foods for Victorians?

A. Vegetables.
B. Sweets.
C. Meats.

8. What kitchen gadget would you most likely find in a Victorian kitchen in this era?

A. Electric mixer.
B. Apple peeler.
C. Wire whisk.

9. What food rose into prominence during this era?

A. Curry.
B. Fish.
C. Treacle.

ANSWERS

1. B. Although Victorians did go to a lot of funerals, the main reason they wore black clothes was coal pollution. The burning of coal caused a black cloud to hover over most industrialized cities of the time. Anyone who wore light colors would find their clothes stained with coal dust. As an interesting sideline, the walls and ceilings of houses (after using coal for heat in winter) would be covered in soot, and this is the reason for the phrase “spring cleaning”.

2. B and C. Tub water turned cold very quickly, and in those days people still believed that exposure to cold would caused illness and death. So cleaning was accomplished by using sponge baths plus perfumes.

3. B. Victorians were obsessed with Egypt above all other countries. During this time, many archaeological projects took place with amazing discoveries, which only fueled the intense interest.

4. A and B. While curry was a national sensation, the Victorian era tended towards plain and simple food which was more to Queen Victoria’s tastes. The wonderful flavors inherent in French cooking were thought to overwhelm main ingredients.

5. B. Tea rooms became the important places for social gatherings and gossip.

6. A. The answer is a la Russe. which involves courses being brought to the table in sequential order as opposed to the French style in which all the food is brought out at once. 

7. B. and C. Victorians did not eat in very healthy ways. Both meat and sweet foods were popular for those who could afford them. People were not interested in vegetables.

8. B and C. You would definitely find an apple peeler, but the wire whisk, invented by Victorians and available, might not be as much in evidence. The wire whisk; however, became popularized by Julia Child in 1963. The electric mixer was invented a few years after the Victorian era ended.

9. A and B. Curry became very popular, but fish saw a big upswing due to the fact that there was ice to keep it fresh, and it could be transported long distances via railways.

The Centenniel of The Great Migration: How Six Million African Americans Transformed the United States


February 20, 2017

mlkThe Great Migration (1917-1970) of  more than six  million African Americans out of the South to other regions of the United States is one of the most important, courageous, underreported yet consequential movements in our nation’s history.  In search of true freedom, equality, education, and opportunity, those brave migrants—fleeing systemic racism, abuse, oppression, enforced poverty, and violence—transformed American culture, society, demographics, and politics in a multitude of ways, both tangible and intangible, short-term and long-term.  Although many Americans do not learn about the Great Migration in their history classes, its centennial reminds us of just how far-reaching and long lasting the Migration’s legacy truly. To find our more and to register, click here.

A Connoisseur’s Guide to Victorian Manners, Mores, Food, and Drink


February 20, 2017
By joyosity (Tea at the Rittenhouse Hotel)  Wikimedia Commons

By joyosity (Tea at the Rittenhouse Hotel) Wikimedia Commons

If you wax nostalgic for a time when there was social civility, proper etiquette, and afternoon teas with scones and clotted cream, your longing will be requited on March 20th, when Professor Anna Saikin begins her 10:00 a.m. class “Victorian Foodies.”

Get ready for a literary feast as Saikin takes us on a tour of lavishly arrayed meals using a selection of Victorian books, meal plans, recipes, table settings, and etiquette guides for authentic Victorian dining experience. We visited with her to find out more about this sumptuous subject.

 

 

WIH Reporter: What is important to know about your upcoming class?

Saikin: Victorians liked to eat! Each class will feature a different cuisine, dish, or drink based on novels, poems, and cookbooks from the nineteenth century, and whenever possible, I will bring samples for the class to taste as we nibble our way through the juiciest bits of Victorian literature.

WIH Reporter: What would surprise us to know about the topic of your class?

Saikin: When we think about Victorian food, the first thing that often comes to mind are elaborate, multi-course tea times, completed with Earl Grey, scones, lemon curd, and clotted cream. While we will discuss and sample these dishes (frequently and with gusto!), we will also discuss how British palates were expanded during the century as nabobs brought back popular Indian curries and it became possible for ordinary subjects to enjoy extraordinary food.

WIH Reporter: What mistaken impressions might we have about Victorian manners and mores?

Saikin: Queen Victoria set a dignified and resplendent model for her subjects to emulate, but not all British citizens were fortunate to have enough to eat. Part of our class will dive into the historical reasons why Oliver Twist’s plea, “May I have some more, please?” was so revolutionary for its time. We will examine Dickensian feasts of decadence as well as destitution and consider the ways in which different classes interpreted notions of propriety.

WIH Reporter: What format do you plan to use in the class.?

Saikin: We will begin with a selection of delicacies related to our weekly topic. As we munch, we will read and discuss selections from Victorian literature, and, whenever possible, watch movie clips that illustrate the diversity of Victorian cuisine. We will analyze seating arrangements and recipes from the nineteenth century cookbook, Mrs. Barton’s Book of Household Management, and marvel at the number of silverware required for each meal. Participants should bring with them a curious mind and a hungry belly!

WIH Reporter: Are you planning to have a class in which food is featured such as authentic scones and tea?

Saikin: Absolutely! In fact, class participation during tea time is required!

Professor Saikin’s class begins March 20th at 10:00 a.m. For more information, or to register, click here.

The Remodeling Revolution


February 20, 2017

remodelHome is where the heart is, but when you own a home there are so many choices and design decisions than ever before. For homeowners who are not familiar with the remodeling process or knowledgeable about the latest products on the market, Susan Fruit is teaching “The Remodeling Revolution”, a class which explores everything from essential finishes and paint colors to plumbing and light fixtures to appliances, cabinetry, hardware, and much, much more. According to Fruit, if it has been more than two decades since faucets were last changed and countertops and light fixtures last updated, then chances are your home isn’t keeping pace with the times, which seriously impacts its market value. Starting March 7th at 10:00 a.m., you can learn how to begin your own remodeling project and how to achieve a tasteful, timeless look for the home that will be loved and enjoyed for years to come. For more information or to register, click here.

Attachment and Relational Mores – The Balance Between Self-Actualization And Self-Sacrifice


February 20, 2017
By John William Waterhouse - Art Renewal Center – description, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1884652

By John William Waterhouse – Art Renewal Center – Public Domain, Wikipedia Commons

Valentine’s Day just passed, and what better time is there to find out more about love, attachments, and relationships? Dr. Rebecca Cubberly’s upcoming class, “Attachment and Relational Mores“, (starting on March 22nd at 1 p.m), covers everything you ever wanted to know about relationships. Topics include conflicts in the realm of intimacy because of fears of exploitation or abandonment, patterns formed in childhood that interfere with intimacy, and the importance of self-love in the face of others’ imperfect or improper behavior. In addition, Dr Cubberly will explore such challenges as holding onto oneself while attempting to maintain a healthy marriage, rear a family, and pursue a career. She will also examine the need in relationships to work through betrayals of all kinds. Finally, she will bring understanding to what it means to be a good wife, a good mother, a good business partner and pursue a career. For more information, or to register, click here.